Halloween all over Europe: Ancient myths

Halloween all over Europe: Ancient myths

halloween

Halloween

is a celebration that gained a lot of territory in the last years all around Europe. We did our homework like good kids, and started a bit of research about all over Europe myths. At the end, we were surprised to find out that Halloween is really something unique. So, dear Interns, here you have some valuable, we think, pice of info.

  1. Today’s Halloween customs have been influenced by folk customs and beliefs from the Celtic-countries, which are believed to have pagan roots, according to the historian Roger Nicholasdiseno-sin-titulo
  2. The Welsh called this period of time the Calan Gaeaf when the boundary between this world and the Otherworld thinned. So basically, both dead and alive were invited to walk from the world to another. The souls of the dead were also said to revisit their homes seeking hospitality after the Celebration. Places were set at the dinner table and by the fire to welcome them.diseno-sin-titulo-4
  3. .Throughout Ireland and Britain, the household festivities included rituals and games intended to foretell one’s future, especially regarding death and marriage. Special bonfires were lit and there were rituals involving them. Their flames, smoke, and ashes were deemed to have protective and cleansing powers and were also used for divination. It is suggested that the fires were a kind of imitative magic. They mimicked the Sun, “powers of growth” and holding back the decay and darkness of winter.
  4. In parts of southern Ireland, a man dressed as a Láir Bhán (white mare) led youth’s house-to-house reciting verses in exchange for food. If the household donated food it could expect good fortune from the ‘Muck Olla’; not doing so would bring misfortune.
  5. By the end of the 12th century they had become holy days of obligation across Europe (especially, Germany, Austria, France and Spain) and involved such traditions as ringing church bells for the souls in purgatory. So, basically, Halloween became Christianized.
  6. Wearing costumes and playing pranks at Halloween spread to England in the 20th century. But of course, it is said that this costumes were quite scarry.happy
  7. Still, in some parts of Europe, in the 16th Century, it was traditionally believed that the souls of the departed wandered the earth until All Saints’ Day, and All Hallows’ Eve (one of the first names of Halloween) provided one last chance for the dead to gain vengeance on their enemies before moving to the next world.diseno-sin-titulo-2
  8. Development of artefacts and symbols associated with Halloween formed over time. Jack-o’-lanterns are traditionally carried by on All Hallows’ Eve in order to frighten evil spirits. There is a popular Irish Christian folktale  with the jack-o’-lantern, which in folklore is said to represent a soul who has been denied entry into both heaven and hell.
  9. Trick-or-treating is a customary celebration for children on Halloween. Children go in costume from house to house. Asking for treats such as candy or sometimes money, with the question, “Trick or treat?” The word “trick” refers to “threat” to perform mischief on the homeowners or their property if no treat is given.diseno-sin-titulo-3Dracula

  10. Finally, Romania is the country of Dracula, vampires and ghost stories. We made some research and found out that in Romania dead souls walk among earth souls if certain correct words are said. So, basically old women in villages stay among the river and meet their death relatives or husbands in a pagan ritual.diseno-sin-tituloIf you´re interested to do an internship abroad don´t hesitate to take a look at our offers, make an account on trainingexperience.org and start applying on your favorites. We are here for your questions and we can help you find the perfect internship without any fees. Find out more details here.banner